How to Reduce the Costs of Offshore Energy

Higher capacity wind turbines, advanced drone technology, big data and machine learning - the costs of developing, deploying, and maintaining ever more efficient offshore wind energy projects continue to decline, helping pave the way toward a clean energy economy

When Vattenfall's wind deployment center off the cost of Scotland came online in late 2018, it marked the "birthday" of some of the largest operational wind turbines in existence. But even though these are impressively huge machines we're talking about here, the site is also a testing ground for some of the most promising cost-cutting techniques and technologies for offshore wind energy.

Let's take a look at some of those technologies right now and what they mean for the ongoing adoption of clean energies and the future of our planet.

Higher-Capacity Wind Turbines

The size of the turbines at Vattenfall is an advantage, rather than a liability. Tom Harries, representing Bloomberg New Energy Finance in an interview, observed that increasing the maximum capacity of a wind turbine — the amount of power it's designed to generate — could impact the cost of operations and maintenance for offshore energy projects by as much as 60 percent.

Similarly to how the primary challenge driving competition in the solar market is increasing the efficiency of solar cells, the same can be said about wind turbines. In fact, Vattenfall already has its eyes on even bigger turbine designs — GE's "Haliade-X" — for future deployments.

Why does bigger equal better, in terms of costs? It's simple: per megawatt (MW) of power generated, larger-capacity turbines cost less to operate and maintain. These savings come from lower personnel requirements, fewer trips by vessel, lower spending on spare parts and more.

Drones and Remote Maintenance

In addition to pursuing newer turbines designed for capacity and efficiency, energy companies can also invest in technologies that make operations and maintenance tasks cheaper and more convenient to complete.

One of these technologies is drones. Remotely operated drones can help maintenance crews perform inspections more safely and in far less time than before, even while working at height and even when extremely imposing structures are involved. Drones represent the future of remote inspections and even repairs, thanks to the ability for some models to navigate even in very challenging environments.

Adding to fleets of aerial drones, submersible drones allow safe viewing of the underwater portions of wind turbine towers as well as expedient inspections of intakes and reservoirs on dams. Remote-controlled drones aren't replacing humans in energy infrastructure maintenance, at least not in significant numbers, but they're definitely giving their human counterparts a different perspective and helping more of them keep their feet on solid ground.

Analytics and Predictive Maintenance

How do designers and manufacturers in the energy sector keep on delivering design improvements that yield higher efficiency and performance but consistently lower costs? One way is analytics. By collecting exhaustive amounts of data with sensors, on critical parts and entire offshore installations, engineers can iterate on their own designs to correct for maintenance pain points (to drive down O&M prices further) as well as help address shortcomings and inefficiencies in operations and to pursue even lighter and cheaper-to-install designs for future products.

Long before this analytical data is put to work in product R&D, however, it's useful as part of a real-time and predictive maintenance program for offshore energy installations. The data being gathered on turbine performance can reveal when a part is about to fail, before it actually does, meaning crews can avoid extremely expensive downtime during peak generating hours. Changes in temperature, vibration and even sounds given off by individual parts, and where multiple parts interact with one another, can signal problems with mechanical structures.

Applying the Industrial Internet of Things to the energy sector means maintenance crews can engage in remote monitoring and data-gathering, and then apply machine learning models to test real-time data against known benchmarks for machine health. The result is one step beyond of preventive maintenance (which still might cause unwanted downtime) — it's truly predictive maintenance, courtesy of Big Data.

Big Data and analytics will help operators of offshore energy sites save money by avoiding equipment failure and unnecessary downtime, extending the lifetime of individual parts by monitoring their health and running them for longer, allowing smaller numbers of managers and engineers to operate and maintain multiple installations from a central operating location, and by making it less likely that an energy company will have to fall back on dirty energy generation to meet demand.

In short, there are lots of exciting ways under active development, or already available, that can help energy companies bring down costs in the offshore energy market. And lower costs in clean energy is a win for the rest of us — and for the planet.

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Andrus Valery
Andrus Valery

BREAKTHROUGH TECHNOLOGIES IN ENERGETICS

Electric power multiplier based on MGA (Andrus Molecular Generator). We are looking for investments up to 70 million US dollars.

    I ask you to familiarize yourself with the video "The multiplier of electrical power on the basis of MGA (Andrus Molecular Generator)" https://youtu.be/N447flDIb28.  Turn on English subtitles. Autor's comment to video "Multi-power electric power on the base of  MGA (Molecular generator Andrus)" (for specialists) - http://neutronscience.com.ua/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/AUTHORS-COMMENT-TO-THE-VIDEO.pdf.

From the video it can be seen that the Electric power multiplier with an area of 240 cm2 in comparison with a solar cell of a solar panel of the same area surpasses the latter by 23 times in power and this figure can increase, while the Multiplier works around the clock and year-round. At the same time, the Multiplier does not require repair, maintenance and related infrastructure such as gas stations. A multiplier is a simplified cylindrical version of an MGA with external electrical excitation of its materials (see fig. 2 https://youtu.be/N447flDIb28).">https://youtu.be/N447flDIb28). Basic flat MGA (see figure 1 https://youtu.be/N447flDIb28) with self-excited materials has no electronic circuits and can produce a constant current with a given voltage for 10 years or more.

"The molecular generator of Andrus - MGA" (Business Plan MGA 2018 - http://neutronscience.com.ua/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Business-plan-MGA-2018.pdf) - this is the source power supply that does not require recharging:

  • MGA-3W, 5V for powering gadgets without recharging;
  • MGA-20kW, 230 V for power supply of apartments and private houses;
  • MGA-150kW, 400 V as power sources for electric vehicles and other vehicles.

The implementation of MGA and Multiplier projects takes about three years and then immediately follows the sale of commercial samples and technologies to Ilona Mask and others at a public auction at the price of three lots from 1,500,000,000 US dollars. The share of the investor on this project is 26% - this is from 390 million dollars. The profit compared to the investment will increase in: $ 390,000,000: $ 70,000,000 = 5.57 times.

The purpose of our video is to show that the declared Multiplier parameters - input (Uin = 220V) and output (Uout = 265 ÷ 270 V, Iout = 0.29A) - really take place, the MGA project is a worker, and the authors fully own the issues implementation. MGA has rather complicated methods for controlling input materials, as well as all stages of its production at the molecular level, since Electricity is produced by materials without any additions. This is similar to the use of finger batteries, only for 10 years or more. The multiplier has a more coarse and simplified packing materials MGA, but also an additional external source of excitation materials (external electrical network). It is much cheaper than MGA. When using our Multiplier as an autonomous power source, it will be necessary to replace the external city electric network with two small batteries with electronic circuitry, and it will also work around the clock and year-round, but it is not suitable for gadgets because of the complex circuitry with batteries and is mainly suitable for use in apartments and private homes. Thus, for flat cars and gadgets, only a flat MGA is suitable. A cheaper option is possible - a hybrid device for obtaining significant power. A low-power MGA plus multiplier cells is used as the external source. The publication of the interview: https://www.interempresas.net/Energia/Articulos/247813-Entrevista-a-Valery-Andrus-BSA-Ltd-(Kyiv-Ukraine).html

We hope for a quick response. Sincerely, V. Andrus, Scientific Director. BSA Ltd., Ukraine. http://neutronscience.com.ua/books/ Email: valeriy.andrus@gmail.com linkedin.com/in/valeriy-andrus-835508153